How to pronounce photography
In order to pronounce the word photography clearly in American English, you need to stress the syllable just before graphy.
The first O is reduced to schwa.
The second O is pronounced with an /ɑ/ as in Olive vowel sound.
The word photographer follows the same pattern.
How to pronounce photo and photograph
However, the words photo and photograph are both stressed on the first syllable.
In the word photo, both Os are pronounced with an /ow/ as in Rose vowel sound.
In the word photograph, the first O is pronounced with an /ow/ Rose vowel sound.
The second O is reduced to schwa.
The letter O has many sounds
You can see that the letter O has a variety of sounds in spoken American English!
Knowing which sound to use for the letter O is often confusing for non native speakers. You can read more about the American O sounds here.
About the author
Susan Ryan is an American English communication and accent reduction coach.
Contact her with your questions about clear American speech.